CYCOGS® Brand Cyber Physical Systems (CPS), Internet of Things (IoT) consulting

Cyber-Physical-Systems (CPS)

White Board design picture

The CYCOGS® Company has been involved in Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) and the Internet of Things (IoT) well before these terms were coined. 

Several of CYCOGS innovative products are considered Cyber-Physical-Systems (CPS) and or Internet of Things (IoT) systems.  (Including Cloud computing and Mobile Devices.)

A Cyber-Physical System (CPS) represents a complex component or sophisticated mechanism that implements computer-based algorithms for monitoring and control. 

A Cyber-Physical-System (CPS) relies on Physical Hardware and Software systems that are completely integrated resulting in more than the sum of its parts.  The CYCOGS Hybrid Snake Arm System (Snarm) is reflective of mechanical Robot Arm components and Local and Remote Software integrations operating as a whole.

By contrast, an Internet of Things IoT (IoT) system comprises a physical component of varying complexity, able to connect together and send and receive data. 

The CYCOGS  (RESS) Robot Emergency Stop System in some configurations, falls into this category.  We at the CYCOGS® Company consider the real difference between a Cyber-Physical System (CPS) and an Internet of Things (IoT) system is the complexity and integration to the physical world with its software systems and allowing some Autonomy, where as a (IoT) system is more passive, not married to its physical world.  An Internet connected Thermostat would never be confused with a Cyber-Physical System (CPS), while the (IoT) buzzwords are getting applied to anything connected to the Internet.

Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) typically interact with its physical environment utilizing a mechanism and integrated with computing power to monitor and control its one or more sub components. 

Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) are sometimes called an Intelligent Mechanism, which uses several smaller interacting elements operating as a network, forming a system.

CYCOGS Autonomous Mobile Robotic Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) use embedded real-time computer control and sensor based robotically controlled tasks involving navigation and object manipulation coupled with an AI based physical system allowing a level of self-prediction, evaluation and awareness using known and sensor based environmental knowledge in our Robotic systems.

The CYCOGS® Company’s knowledge in Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) can support you to form cyber manufacturing systems for your company.  Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) is featuring co-simulation and 5C architectures (Connectors, Conversions, Cyber aspects, Cognition and Configuration) for the automated sensor driven manufacturing control systems that can enhance your industry manufacturing needs.

CYCOGS Knowledge in the Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) can assist you, please contact us now.

Contact:  Send questions and comments about this web site to the CYCOGS® Contact.

Telephone picture before IoT

The Internet of Things (IoT)

By contrast, an Internet of Things (IoT) System represents a physical component of varying complexity that is able to connect together and send and receive data using the Internet. 

Some configurations of the CYCOGS (RESS) and (Sring) are examples of IoT systems.

CYCOGS® staff feel IoT projects require experience, knowledge of the organizations needs and what processes are involved. 

It is best to start with a prototype / pilot project in order to determine business planning and prepare for future scalability in order to completely capture the IoT opportunity.  Besides known IoT issues like complexity, data mining, security issues, power use and privacy, remain an issue for IoT longevity.  IoT longevity or frequent lack of it will require budgeting additional time and resources as maintenance of the IoT devices, sensors and sensor calibration (which naturally degrade over time) and that results in ongoing operating costs.  -  Unexpected ongoing operational costs if this was neglected. 

CYCOGS® knowledgeable staff draws from an extensive background in sophisticated sensors, including maintenance and calibration. 

Applying the wrong sensor will yield disappointing results and/or wasted money on over-capable sensors.  Your data is only as good as the sensor, its calibration and resulting sensor data.

We know sensors! Sensors ranging from an on/off switch (digital 1/0), including:   Environmental:   Temperature, Relative Humidity (RH), Moisture content, Wind Speed, Precipitation, Sun light levels, Barometric pressure, etc.  Mechanical:   Stress, Strain, Force, Weight, Displacement, Positional, Rotational, Velocity, Acceleration, Gravimetric, Distance, Pressure, Time, Temperature, RPM, Torque, Vibration, Acoustic, Sound, Sonar, flow rate, nuclear thickness, etc.  Electrical:   Sensing the electromagnetic spectrum from Radio wave, microwave, IR, visible, UV, X-Ray, to the Gamma Rays.  This includes Voltage, Current, Power, Resistance, Capacitance, Magnetics, other electrical and electrostatic, etc., to visual color spectrums, temperature sensors, pressure sensors, vacuum sensors, optical sensors, physical sensors, biological sensors, RFID, etc.  Chemical:   Temperature, volumetric, weight, pressure, flow, PH, moisture content, chemical composition / spectral, gas, smoke, reactivity, etc.

While most IoT networks of physical devices merely enable things to connect, collect and exchange data. 

IoT use routinely involves Internet connectivity and covers a broad range of applications in the consumer, commercial, industrial / manufacturing, retail, medical, the infrastructure around us and just about anything.  Many of the IoT devices are simple, “dumb” single purpose “things.”  As the Internet evolves, vast new capabilities were born, and the IoT concept came into being.  Reading remote sensors and adjusting something has been around for a very long time.  The Internet provides such systems with new levels of abilities, such as remote sensor networks, embedded control networks and real-time analytics and data collection that can be coupled with Machine Learning to generate new abilities.

Many IoT devices simply transmit small packets of data to a collection point (database) on the Internet. 

IoT ranges, from a temperature sensor in an HIVAC system to an RFID chip in a box for logistics.  The CYCOGS® Company’s staff feels IoT data should capture its location with Geospatial coding standards  (Geocoding).  Geographic location of the device is enormously valuable to know as device location may be critical for data interpretation.  A sensor reading of nine does not mean much, but it would if it is an earthquake sensor off the coast near your home.

The potential IoT usage will subtly transform industries and worker experiences as enhanced productivity, continual innovation and usage all improve ROI.  The smart connected objects will integrate more and more and help automate everything.

CYCOGS IoT picture.

While IoT lately is becoming more of a buzz word than a distinct concept in some circles, Outspoken IoT proponents envision Autonomous Control and Ambient Intelligence, comprehensively covering everything including virtual objects (in VR space using Intelligent Avatars).  This IoT growth may require common communication protocols and appropriate frameworks.  The FTC has recommended operational IoT guidelines for Data Security, Data Consent (privacy) and Data Collection and let’s not forget, ethics. 

Here represents a typical basic example of how IoT works. 

Take a capable sensor, say a temperature sensor in your hallway.  Connect that sensor to a small simple computer, and that computer polls the sensor, preprocessing the sensor readings (data) such as for noise reduction, gathers the data until the small simple computer connects to the Internet.  (called an event driven smart application).  As some appointed time or reading interval, the small simple computer establishes a connection to an Internet destination using a connection like Web Sockets, SignalR, REST, HTTPS/OAuth and then transfers its data into the destination in some storage medium like a file or a database.  The data can then be analyzed using computer algorithms or other analytics, and possibly a response is returned to adjust the temperature.  (Or the data is simply collected for future use or actions.)

At present if IoT devices are merely devlivering data over some network type like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Ethernet, USAT, etc. the IoT device could be behind an IPV4 or IPV6 router/firewall.  But if the IoT device is receiving data or control commands, the IoT device may need a static IP address and or Universal Resource Identifier (URI) Universal Resource Locator (URL) [address].  IPV4 addresses are filling up, therefore expect to use IPV6 for IoT devices.  IPV6 allows stateless auto-configured IP addresses.  As for system control, the Internet cannot ensure performance.  In Open / Semi-Open or especially for closed loop (feedback) control, if the system response is extremely fast, loop closure will not keep up and IoT may wield unexpected results.  Software Defined Networking (SDN) of network packet path control may help.

For some, IoT is everything for everybody, and the IoT term has been expanded to include many designated uses.

Here represents a partial list of IoT types found by some of the CYCOGS® staff.

IoT, the “generic” term of IoT Internet of Things, covers all the following terms.

IoT sub-name Description
IIoT Industrial Internet of Things, covering Manufacturing, Industrial applications, plant digital control systems, Industry 4.0, predictive maintenance, asset and inventory management.
AIoT Autonomous Internet of Things, covering Autonomous control.
EIot Enterprise Internet of Things, for Business and Corporate devices.
EIoT Environmental Internet of Things, covering remote data, weather data, water / river data, soil data, wildlife data, earthquake and volcanic data.
IIoT Intelligent Internet of Things, that involves Intelligent activities.
IoC Internet of Consumer related, home, health and devices at home.
IoE Internet of Everything; requires no explanation.
IoG Internet of Goods, covers the supply chain of goods and warehousing, including RFID.
IoH Internet of Smart homes, such as lighting, security, digital assistants, HIVAC controls.
IoTB Internet of Things for Buildings, covering lighting, HIVAC, utilities, systems, security, energy efficiency, smart buildings.
IoTC Internet of Things Cities, covers Smart cities and systems inside cities, such as security, ticketing, signage, pollution levels, environmental, power systems.
IoTE Internet of Things Energy, covers smart power generation, consumption, devices like light bulbs, HIVAC, appliances, and electronics.
IoTF / IoTA Internet of Things for Farming / Agriculture, covers Farming and Agriculture, weather data, soil and crop data and animal data.
IoTF Internet of Things Food, covers food related devices.
IoTG Internet of Things, Government covers Governmental devices.
HIoT / IoHT / IoMT Internet of Things for Medical / Health related, covering smart healthcare, remote health monitoring and medical devices.
IoTK Internet of Things knitting, covers yarn and knitting systems including RFID.
IoTM Internet of Things Military, covers the Military devices and systems.
IoTI Internet of Things Infrastructure, covering transportation, roads, tracks, bridges, power generation, water and sanitary systems.
IoTR / IoRT Internet of Things Robotics / Internet of Robotic Things, covers Robotics on the Internet.
IoTSF Internet of Things Security Foundation.
IoTT Internet of Things for Transportation, covering roads, vehicles, parking, tolls, safety, traffic and of course, enforcement.
IoTT Internet of Things Telephony, covers Telephony, Telepresence and VoIP voice communications.
IoV Internet of Vehicles.
IoTZ Internet of Things Zero, covers Zero IoT Things.

This is but a few of the IoT terms.  Feel like the IoT term use, duplication and naming is getting out of control?  CYCOGS staff prefers the simple IoT term.

The CYCOGS® Company can encourage you with these and other IoT focus areas:

- Implement a Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) on your devices.
- Raise your embedded computer-controlled device to the level of a CPS system.
- Implement an Internet of Things (IoT) System from one sensor on up.
- Efficiently create an IoT control system.
- Properly implement an AI / ML based data control system for your CPS or IoT systems.
- Select sensors and other hardware for your CPS or IoT systems.
- Develop Internet based IoT endpoints for data processing and storage.

Test Equipment Software

Test and automated systems software development.  The design, development, implementation, and maintenance of unique systems typically based on PC and single board type computers.  Custom and canned systems, including both hardware and software.  Applications range from simple test data collection to complex automated Experienced with systems in the testing and manufacturing areas.  The leverage of existing components to reduce excessive customization. 

Data Acquisition and Human Machine Interface

Data Acquisition and Human Machine Interface systems using custom and canned products, including both hardware and software.  Applications range from simple test data collection to complex automated systems.  We can provide systems design, development, implementation, and maintenance.  We integrate PC type computers using Microsoft Windows, including the use of networks and the Internet for DAQ and HMI solutions. 

• Custom Programming.
• Canned programs such as NI LabVIEW and Wonderware/Aveva.
• C, C++ and C# coding, using, Visual Studio .NET and NI CVI.
• Embedded Controllers, SBC and microcontrollers. CAMAC systems.
• Ethernet, CAN, serial, SPI, etc.
• Remote Control/Monitor using Serial, Ethernet, IR, Radio and Cellular.
• VXI, VME, PC and PLC type systems.
• DAQ / DAS Data Acquisition Systems and loggers.
• Vision Systems.

I'm Tired picture

If your IoT plans are becoming IoT = !#$%^&,  wisely let us at the CYCOGS® Company carefully make IoT a lasting success for you. 
Please contact us now for CYCOGS® Brand Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), Internet of Things (IoT) consulting at: 
Sales E-mail:

The CPS and the IoT space are rapidly evolving and complex, please contact us to prepare right now. 
Contact information like your name, email address, title, company, and telephone number.

Contact:  Promptly send questions and valuable comments about this web site to the CYCOGS® Contact.