Omni Directional Mobility

The CYCOGS® Company wishes to inform our web site visitors with some practical AI Robotic information.  Please note, the CYCOGS® Company owns and or controls the copyright of all material in this website.  The content of the “Education” portion of this web site is still under the CYCOGS® Company registered copyright protection.

Mobile Robotics which operate on a floor or ground usually employ wheels.  This is the case for Omni Directional Mobility drive.

Omni-Directional Drive

The omni-directional mobility drive, Omni-drive vehicles for short, are considered holonomic but is in a class of its own. 

The omni-drive module requires one motor per wheel module.  The wheel modules are what provides the vehicle its unique maneuvering capacities.  These modules operate using   two DoF   in the   X-Y   directions in a   3D   work space; therefore, the individual wheel modules are not Holonomic.

Degrees of Freedom image.

The omni-directional wheel modules are typically mounted at angles to each other as rotation of one-wheel module causes the rollers on the other wheel modules to rotate.  The wheel modules are essentially rollers on a wheel module rim instead of the tire tread. 

Omni-Directional Wheel picture.

The omni-directional mobility systems are moreover known as the Mecanum wheel, Swedish wheel, Vuton wheel or the Spherical wheels. 

These typically use fixed-mounting wheel modules with many small rollers as its treads, one propulsion motor per wheel.  The effective wheel diameter is the diameter of the small rollers.  The combination is very maneuverable, and is considered   “Vector Controlled.

While an omni-directional equipped vehicle may satisfy the minimum definition of holonomic mobility,

some  omni directional wheel drawbacks  include:  Limited traction, a very small surface contact patch, wheel slippage and induced movement errors, plus tread wear remain a problem and frequent wheel maintenance and repairs may be required.

The omni-wheel vehicles are typically indoor systems, where dirt, grit, hair, carpet fibers remain an ongoing maintenance concern.  For systems requiring a smooth, low vibration and precise positioning, the omni-wheel mobility drive should be designed and sized to remediate such issues as much as possible.

In this illustration, please notice the wheel itself, which is composed of several small rollers.  From the illustrated movements, please note the  F  = Front designation.  The omni-wheel can simulate synchronous mobility and holonomic movements.  This is illustrated showing the front heading change.

Omni-Directional Drive picture. Omni-Wheeled Steering

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